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Table 1 Study participant characteristics

From: Pulmonary tuberculosis in outpatients in Sabah, Malaysia: advanced disease but low incidence of HIV co-infection

Characteristic Number
Number 176
Age in years: median (range) 30 (15–73)
Male: no. (%) 104 (59.1%)
Nationality: no. (%)  
Malaysian 117 (66.5%)*
Indigenous 106 (60.2%)
Chinese 10 (5.7%)
Indian 1 (0.6%)
Filipino 53 (30.1%)
Indonesian 6 (3.4%)
Co-morbidities: no. (%)  
Diabetes 12 (6.8%)
Hypertension 9 (5.1%)
Asthma 6 (3.4%)
HIV 3 (1.7%)
Hepatitis B 2 (1.1%)
Chronic renal disease 1 (0.6%)
Cardiovascular disease 1 (0.6%)
Smoking status:  
Current smoker 40 (22.7%)
Ex-smoker 50 (28.4%)
Non-smoker 86 (48.9%)
When smoking ceased: median no. months ago (IQR) 3.5 (2–24)
Past TB 13 (7.4%)
Radiological severity:  
Cavitary disease 51/145 (64.8%)
Score: mean (standard deviation) 69.4 (34.9)
Smear grade: no. (%)  
Scanty 27 (17.0%)
1+ 46 (28.9%)
2+ 40 (25.2%)
3+ 46 (28.9%)
BMI (kg/m2): mean (range) 18.1 (10.0-31.1)
Haemoptysis: no. (%) 81 (46.0%)
Reported symptom duration in weeks: median (range) 8 (1–52)
  1. *Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.
  2. n = 174, data missing for 2 individuals.