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Table 3 Univariate logistic models of poor ART adherence among children and teenagers in Ifakara, Tanzania (n = 116)

From: Determinants of antiretroviral adherence among HIV positive children and teenagers in rural Tanzania: a mixed methods study

  Univariate analysis  
Variable OR 95% CI P-Value
Sex    
 Female 0.88 0.39-1.96 0.748
Age-School    
 Pre-school age 2-5 yrs 1   
 >6 yrs never been to school 2.39 0.69-8.28 0.170
 Primary school age and in primary 1.41 0.45-4.45 0.560
 Secondary school age but in primary 1.38 0.42-4.5 0.591
 Secondary school age and in secondary 1.41 0.29-6.9 0.674
Baseline CD4 + cell count    
 Below 350 cells/mm3 1   
 Above 350 cells/mm3 0.79 0.35-1.77 0.561
Age specific immunosuppression    
 Not Immunosuppressed 1   
 Immunosuppressed 1.17 0.46-3.08 0.746
Duration under ART    
 0-2 years 1   
 >2 years 0.88 0.38-1.96 0.735
WHO stage    
 Stage I & II 1   
 Stage III & IV 0.98 0.37-2.61 0.966
Visited Traditional Healer for HIV cure*    
 No 1   
 Yes 0.76 0.25-2.28 0.623
Pill burden    
 1 pill 1   
 2-3 pills 0.90 0.41-2.0 0.803
Disclosure of HIV status    
 Yes 1   
 No 0.61 0.26-1.41 0.246
Joined any HIV support group    
 No 1   
 Yes 2.0 0.75-5.27 0.166
Adherence assistance    
 Parents 1   
 Non-parental adherence assistants 1.54 0.69-3.41 0.288
Knows that treatment is lifelong    
No 1   
Yes 1.65 0.71-3.84 0.246
Socio-economic status    
 Low 1   
 Median 1.02 0.32-3.3 0.970
 High 1.62 0.64-4.08 0.310
Parental status    
 Both Parents 1   
 Single parent 2.29 0.75-6.98 0.200
 Non-parental caretaker 2.84 1.04-7.77 0.042
  1. *Visited a healer who claimed to have a cure for HIV/AIDS; Poor adherence = less than 80%;optimal adherence = 80% or more; Immune-suppressed if CD4 < 500 for children aged <6 years and if CD4 < 350 for children aged 6 years and above; WHO = World Health Organization; yrs = years; CI = confidence interval; OR = odds ratio.