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Table 4 Overall and age- and sex-specific incidence rate and relative hazard of Herpes Zoster in the heart failure and comparison cohorts

From: A nationwide population-based cohort study to identify the correlation between heart failure and the subsequent risk of herpes zoster

Variable Case group Control group HR AHR
Incident cases Person-year IR1per 1000 patient-years Incident cases Person-year IR1per 1000 patient-years   
Agea         
18-40 1 196.24 5.10 (−4.87-15.06) 1 590.34 1.69 (−1.62-5.01) 3.00 (0.19-47.92) 7.81 (0.28-215.54)
41-65 23 1341.56 17.14 (10.20-24.09) 22 4066.38 5.41 (3.16-7.66) 3.16 (1.76-5.68)*** 3.14 (1.59-6.21)**
66-80 37 2092.79 17.68 (12.03-23.33) 72 6361.81 11.32 (8.72-13.92) 1.56 (1.05-2.32)* 1.66 (1.09-2.53)*
81- 22 1081.41 20.34 (11.93-28.76) 33 3278.74 10.06 (6.65-13.48) 2.02 (1.18-3.46)* 2.26 (1.29-3.96)**
Sexb         
Male 42 2514.55 16.70 (11.69-21.71) 61 7612.37 8.01 (6.01-10.02) 2.08 (1.41-3.08)*** 2.30 (1.51-3.50)***
Female 41 2197.45 18.66 (13.00-24.32) 67 6684.89 10.02 (7.63-12.41) 1.86 (1.26-2.74)** 1.92 (1.27-2.92)**
Total 83 4712.00 17.61 (13.86-21.37) 128 14297.27 8.95 (7.41-10.50) 1.96 (1.49-2.59)*** 2.07 (1.54-2.78)***
  1. IR indicates incidence rate.
  2. 1Based on the Poisson assumption.
  3. aAdjusted for patients’ Sex, Age, Urbanization level, Geographic region, Monthly income, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Diabetes, COPD.
  4. bAdjusted for patients’ Age, Urbanization level, Geographic region, Monthly income, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Diabetes, and COPD.
  5. *Indicates p < 0.05; ** Indicates p < 0.01; *** Indicates p < 0.001.