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Table 3 Hazard ratios (HRs) of Herpes Zoster among heart failure patients during the 1-month, 6-month and 1-year follow-up period from the index ambulatory visits or inpatient care from 2001 to 2009

From: A nationwide population-based cohort study to identify the correlation between heart failure and the subsequent risk of herpes zoster

  1-month follow-up period 6-month follow-up period 1-year follow-up period
Development of Herpes Zoster Patients with heart failure Comparison Patients with heart failure Comparison Patients with heart failure Comparison
Yes (%) 21 (0.4) 18 (0.1) 50 (1.0) 62 (0.4) 83 (1.7) 128 (0.9)
No (%) 4764 (99.6) 14337 (99.9) 4735 (99.0) 14293 (99.6) 4702 (98.3) 14227 (99.1)
Crude HR (95% CI) 3.51 (1.87-6.59)* 1 2.44 (1.68-3.54)* 1 1.96 (1.49-2.59)*** 1
Adjusted HR (95% CI) 4.52 (2.28-8.96)* 1 2.67 (1.79-3.98)* 1 2.07 (1.54-2.78)*** 1
  1. Total sample number =19140.
  2. Both crude and adjusted HRs were calculated by Cox proportional hazard regressions, and stratified by age and sex.
  3. Adjustments are made for patients’ Sex, Age, Urbanization level, Geographic region, Monthly income, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Diabetes, and COPD.
  4. *Indicates p < 0.001.