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Table 2 Hazard ratios (HRs) of Herpes Zoster among heart failure patients during the 1-year follow-up period from the index ambulatory visits or inpatient care from 2001 to 2009

From: A nationwide population-based cohort study to identify the correlation between heart failure and the subsequent risk of herpes zoster

  Total Patients with heart failure Patients without heart failure
Development of Herpes Zoster NO. (%) NO. (%) NO. (%)
1-year follow-up period       
Yes 211 1.1 83 1.7 128 0.9
No 18929 98.9 4702 98.3 14227 99.1
Crude HR (95% CI)     1.96 (1.49-2.59)* 1  
Adjusted HR (95% CI)     2.07 (1.54-2.78)* 1  
  1. Total sample number =19140.
  2. Both crude and adjusted HRs were calculated by Cox proportional hazard regressions.
  3. Adjustments are made for patients’ Sex, Age, Urbanization level, Geographic region, Monthly income, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Diabetes, and Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  4. *Indicates p < 0.001.