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Table 1 Demographic characteristics for the selected patients, stratified by presence/absence of heart failure from 2001 to 2009 (n = 19140)

From: A nationwide population-based cohort study to identify the correlation between heart failure and the subsequent risk of herpes zoster

  Patients with heart failure (n = 4785) Patients without heart failure (n = 14355) P value
  n % N %  
Gender      1
 Male 2547 53.2 7641 53.2  
 Female 2238 46.8 6714 46.8  
 Age (Years)      1
 18-40 197 4.1 591 4.1  
 41-65 1359 28.4 4077 28.4  
 66-80 2132 44.6 6396 44.5  
 81- 1097 22.9 3291 22.9  
Follow-up, year, mean (SD)      <0.001
  0.94 0.12 0.996 0.06  
Urbanization level      <0.001
 1 (most urbanized) 1230 25.7 4396 30.6  
 2 1256 26.2 3532 24.6  
 3 710 14.8 2164 15.1  
 4 (least urbanized) 1589 33.2 4263 29.7  
Monthly income      <0.001
 0 1572 32.9 4515 31.5  
 NT$ 1-15840 1229 25.7 2911 20.3  
 NT$ 15841-25000 1695 35.4 5377 37.5  
25001 289 6.0 1552 10.8  
Geographic region      <0.001
 North 1996 41.7 6392 44.5  
 Central 1224 25.6 3612 25.2  
 South 1191 24.9 3561 24.8  
 Eastern 374 7.8 790 5.5  
Hypertension      <0.001
 Yes 4333 90.6 9606 66.9  
 No 452 9.4 4749 33.1  
Hyperlipidemia      <0.001
 Yes 2472 51.7 6007 41.8  
 No 2313 48.3 8348 58.2  
Diabetes      <0.001
 Yes 2720 56.8 4952 34.5  
 No 2065 43.2 9403 65.5  
SLE      0.94
 Yes 17 0.4 52 0.4  
 No 4768 99.6 14303 99.6  
Rheumatoid arthritis      0.51
 Yes 303 6.3 871 6.1  
 No 4482 93.7 13484 93.9  
COPD      <0.001
Yes 3265 68.2 6928 48.3  
No 1520 31.8 7427 51.7  
Cancers      0.53
Yes 923 19.3 2710 18.9  
No 3862 80.7 11645 81.1  
  1. SD: Standard deviation.
  2. COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  3. SLE: Systemic Lupus Erythematous.