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Table 5 Clinical characteristics of four patients from whom rare NTM were isolated more than once

From: Frequency and clinical implications of the isolation of rare nontuberculous mycobacteria

Patients (sex/age) Chief complaint Underlying diseases CT finding Isolated NTM (number of times isolated) Progression of radiographic lesions Treatment (Y/N)
1 (F/74) Sputum • History of tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis • Nodules and subsegmental atelectasis M. conceptionense (2) • Not definite No
2 (F/33) Cough • Undergoing jejunostomy (due to lye ingestion) • Consolidations and branching opacities M. abscessus (2) • Increase in number of multiple centrilobular nodules and extent of bronchiectasis Yes
Sputum
Weight loss • Bipolar I disorder M. goodii (2)
Clarithromycin, Rifampin, Ethambutol, Moxifloxacin
(Sep. 2007–Oct. 2009)
3 (F/63) Bloody sputum • Diabetes • Bronchiectasis and nodules M. phocaicum (1) • Not definite No
• Coronary artery disease M. mageritense (1)
4 (M/59) Cough • History of pulmonary TB • Nodules, consolidations, fluid-containing cavity M. chimaera (3) • New centrilobular nodules and patchy consolidation No
Hemoptysis