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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the participants

From: Integration of antenatal syphilis screening in an urban HIV clinic: a feasibility study

Variable Syphilis stage blood test P-value
RPR-negative (n = 541) RPR-positive (n = 29) Total (n = 570)
Age of respondents: median(IQR) 29(25–32) 25(22–27) 29(25–32) <0.001
CD4 count at diagnosis: median(IQR) 400(274–577) 433(255–553) 402 (272–575) 0.867
On ART at time of syphilis testing 324 (59.9) 14 (48.3) 338 0.211
NNRTI-based 264(81.4) 11(78.6) 275(81.3)  
PI-based 55(17.0) 3(21.4) 58(17.1)  
NRTI-based 5(1.5) 0 5(1.5)  
Duration since start of ART (weeks) 101.1(5.1-209.6) 28.9(2-89 93.8(4.8-208.4) 0.265
BMI 23.1(4.2) 21.3(2.9) 23.0(4.2) 0.118
Number of previous pregnancies 460 24 484 0.341
1 152(33.0) 10(41.7) 162(33.5)  
2-3 216(47.0) 12(50) 228(47.1)  
≥4 92(20.0) 2(8.3) 94(19.4)  
Level of education     0.423
none 34(6.3) 3(10.3) 37(6.5)  
primary 222(41.0) 14(48.3) 236(41.4)  
secondary 285(52.7) 12(41.4) 297(52.1)  
Marital status     0.437
single 20(3.7) 0 20(3.5)  
ever married* 357(66.0) 18(62.1) 375(65.8)  
co-habiting 164(30.3) 11(37.9) 175(30.7)  
Employed 321(59.3) 16(55.2) 337(59.1) 0.657
Had sex in the last 1-month 408(75.4) 22(75.9) 430(75.4) 0.957
Partner agrees to use a condom 326(79.9) 16(72.7) 342(79.5) 0.417
Used a condom during the last sexual encounter 254(62.2) 13(59.1) 267(62.1) 0.773
Previously treated for STI's 67(12.4) 4(13.8) 71(12.5) 0.823
Received PMTCT 297(54.9) 12(41.4) 309(54.2) 0.182
Hospitalized during this pregnancy 6(1.1) 1(3.4) 7(1.2) 0.308
Hypertension during this pregnancy 2(0.4) 1(3.4) 3(0.5) 0.145
  1. *includes married, separated/divorced, and widowed.