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Table 4 HPV serology by ever vs. never smoked, stratified by age (above or below the median of 61 years)

From: Human papillomavirus serology and tobacco smoking in a community control group

HPV16 serology measure Smoking status Number negative/positive (<61 years) OR a (95% CI) (<61 years) p-value (<61 years) Number negative/positive (≥61 years) OR a (95% CI) (≥61 years) p-value (≥61 years)
L1 Never 241/11 Ref. - 166/19 Ref. -
  Ever 264/29 3.05 (1.42, 6.56) 0.004 353/14 0.31 (0.15, 0.66) 0.003
E1 Never 251/1 Ref. - 180/5 Ref. -
  Ever 288/5 4.38 (0.46, 42.1) 0.20 365/3 0.29 (0.07, 1.31) 0.11
E2 Never 244/8 Ref. - 173/12 Ref. -
  Ever 285/8 0.85 (0.29, 2.48) 0.77 354/15 0.65 (0.29, 1.48) 0.30
E4 Never 204/48 Ref. - 151/34 Ref -
  Ever 240/53 0.94 (0.59, 1.50) 0.80 306/62 0.95 (0.59, 1.53) 0.83
E6 Never 248/4 Ref. - 183/2 Ref. -
  Ever 283/10 2.44 (0.70, 8.43) 0.16 359/9 2.85 (0.58, 13.9) 0.19
E7 Never 243/9 Ref. - 178/7 Ref. -
  Ever 283/10 1.00 (0.37, 2.71) 0.99 343/25 1.50 (0.62, 3.64) 0.37
Any HPV 16 Never 179/73 Ref. - 129/56 Ref. -
  Ever 199/94 1.26 (0.85, 1.87) 0.26 254/114 1.00 (0.67, 1.48) 0.98
  1. aAdjusted for age, race, sex, education, and average drinks per week.