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Table 1 Baseline characteristics by blood culture availability among participants enrolled at the three sites that collected nearly all the baseline blood cultures, ACTG A5221 STRIDE study

From: Predictors and outcomes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteremia among patients with HIV and tuberculosis co-infection enrolled in the ACTG A5221 STRIDE study

  Baseline blood culture available  
  Total Yes No p-value a
  n/ n (%) n/ n (%) n/ n (%)  
Baseline characteristics           
Male sex 137/ 226 (60.6) 59/ 88 (67.0) 78/ 138 (56.5) 0.126
Enrollment at an African site 158/ 226 (69.9) 38/ 88 (43.2) 120/ 138 (87.0) <0.001
Age (years)b 34.0 (29.0, 42.0) 36.5 (30.5, 44.5) 33.0 (28.0, 41.0) 0.017
CD4 count (cells/mm3)b 81.5 (37.0, 132.0) 81.5 (31.5, 131.5) 79.5 (41.0, 134.0) 0.820
HIV RNA (log10 copies/mL)b 5.4 (5.0, 5.8) 5.4 (5.0, 5.8) 5.4 (5.0, 5.8) 0.796
Presence of an AIDS-defining illness 16/ 226 (7.1) 8/ 88 (9.1) 8/ 138 (5.8) 0.427
Body mass index (BMI, kg/m2)b 19.2 (17.5, 21.5) 18.9 (17.2, 20.9) 19.3 (17.8, 21.9) 0.236
Hemoglobin ≤8.5 g/dL 43/ 226 (19.0) 17/ 88 (19.3) 26/ 138 (18.8) 1.000
Self-reported cough 4/ 226 (1.8) 4/ 88 (4.5) 0/ 138 (0.0) 0.022
Self-reported weight loss 11/ 226 (4.9) 11/ 88 (12.5) 0/ 138 (0.0) <0.001
Self-reported fever 2/ 226 (0.9) 2/ 88 (2.3) 0/ 138 (0.0) 0.151
Confirmed tuberculosis at entry 111/ 226 (49.1) 48/ 88 (54.5) 63/ 138 (45.7) 0.220
  1. aFisher’s Exact test, except for age, CD4 count, HIV RNA, and BMI which were exact Wilcoxon test.
  2. bMedian (IQR) values are presented for age, CD4 count, HIV RNA, and BMI.