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Table 3 Cost Variables (HIV Treatment – Child) used in model with 'baseline', 'low' and 'high' values, and sources

From: Perinatal HIV transmission and the cost-effectiveness of screening at 14 weeks gestation, at the onset of labour and the rapid testing of infants

Variable Baseline (Low, High) Source
Prophylactic antiretroviral medications per week $150 ($112.50, $187.50) [40]
Duration prophylactic medications (weeks) 6 (4.5,7.5) [2, 18, 44]
Duration prophylactic medications (weeks) for false positives 2 (0, 4) [18]
# of HIV PCR tests – prophylactic period 4 (2, 6) [18]
# of Elisas performed in prophylactic period 2 (0, 4) [18]
# of physician consults during prophylactic period 19 (14, 24) [18, 44]
# of physician consultations in prophylactic period for false positives 2 (0, 4) [18]
Length of physician consult (hours) 0.25 (0.18, 0.31) [18, 44]
CD4+ cell count – # per month HIV+ infant 0.33 (0.25, 0.5) [18, 45]
Viral load – # per month HIV+ infant 0.33 (0.25, 0.5) [18, 45]
Full blood count – # per month HIV+ infant 0.33 (0.25, 0.5) [18, 45]
Confirmation HIV PCR test unit cost $205 ($153.75, $256.25) [40]
CD4+ cell count unit cost $50 ($37.50, $62.50) [40]
Viral Load unit cost $205 ($153.75, $256.25) [40]
Full Blood Count unit cost $10 ($7.50, $12.50) [40]
Cost ART for a HIV+ infant per month $650 ($487.50, $812.50) [40]
Infant formula cost per month $81 ($60.75, $101.25) [44]
# of months formula fed 12 (9, 15) [44]
Lifetime health care costs of HIV+ infant – normal progressor $408,375 [30]
Average cost per year – HIV phase $4063 ($3047, $5078) [18, 30]
Average cost per year – AIDS phase $13,836 ($10,377, $17,295) [18, 30]
Caregiver costs per year (HIV phase) $9912 ($7434, $12,390) [18, 31]
Caregiver costs per year (AIDS phase) $27,604 ($20,703, $34,505) [18, 31]