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Table 1 Detection of F. tularensis in different small mammal species

From: Re-emergence of tularemia in Germany: Presence of Francisella tularensis in different rodent species in endemic areas

  No. Positive/No. Detected (%)
Small mammal species Darmstadt (DA) Göttingen (GÖ) Sennickerode (SEN) Total (DA, GÖ, SEN)
Apodemus agrarius -/-* 0/3 -/- 0/3
Apodemus flavicollis 1/30 (3.33) 0/11 1/28 (3.57) 2/69 (2.90)
Apodemus sylvaticus 0/52 -/- -/- 0/52
Arvicola terrestris 0/3 -/- 6/37 (16.22) 6/40 (15.00)
Microtus agrestis 0/1 1/8 (12.5) 0/1 1/10 (10.00)
Microtus arvalis 0/3 1/11 (9.09) 1/11 (9.09) 2/25 (8.00)
Myodes glareolus 3/103 (2.91) 3/13 (23.08) 2/62 (3.23) 8/178 (4.49)
Crocidurina spec. 0/1 -/- 0/1 0/2
Sorex spec. 0/3 -/- -/- 0/3
Not specified -/- -/- 0/4 0/4
Total 4/196 (2.04) 5/46 (10.87) 10/144 (6.94) 19/386 (4.92)
* -/-, no animals captured
  1. The distribution of F. tularensis detection in different small mammal species in the three study sites in absolute and relative numbers is shown. An animal was considered positive for F. tularensis when two independent PCR assays demonstrated F. tularensis-specific DNA and/or when cultivation of F. tularensis was successful.