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Table 1 Clinical signs, symptoms and characteristics of the patients with neonatal tetanus

From: Neonatal tetanus in Turkey; what has changed in the last decade?

Variables Survivors (n 39) Deaths (n 28) p value
Birth weight, g, (SD)* 3402 ± 515 3153 ± 462 = 0.014
Age at admission, days, (SD)* 10.3 ± 4.7 7.4 ± 3.4 = 0.001
Age at onset of symptoms, days, (SD)* 7.0 ± 4.0 4.9 ± 1.9 < 0.0001
Male/female(n) 28/11 20/8 NS
Spasticity(n) 30 24 NS
Lack of sucking(n) 28 21 NS
Trismus(n) 22 16 NS
Fever (n) 15 13 NS
Omphalitis 16 11 NS
Jaundice 11 8 NS
Risus sardonicus 3 8 < 0.0001
Irritability 8 6 NS
Opisthotonus 1 8 < 0.0001
Cyanosis 5 4 NS
  1. * Student t test
  2. ∞ Chi-square test
  3. NS: non-significant