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Table 2 Prevalence and risk factors for HIV infection among drug users in all surveillance sites.

From: Regional differences in HIV prevalence among drug users in China: potential for future spread of HIV?

  Sites Total HIV prevalence % (95% CI) From detoxification center % IDU and needle-sharing – ever (%) Number of commercial sex partners in last 12 months (%) Tested for HIV in the past % Participated in any intervention % Knows all answers % Female % Ethnic minority %
      IDU without needle-sharing IDU with needle-sharing None Any Missing      
1 Hebei Shijiazhuang 361 0.0 (0.0–1.1) 13.0 47.1 19.8 95.0 0.3 4.7 24.1 17.7 65.1 18.8 3.5
2 Liaoning Fushun 28 0.0 (0.0–12.1) 26.7 25.0 71.4 92.9 0.0 7.1 39.3 35.7 50.0 0 0
3 Anhui Huainan 113 0.0 (0.0–3.2) 0 33.6 19.5 89.4 0.9 9.7 51.3 0 65.5 28.3 2.7
4 Anhui Maanshan 141 0.7 (0.1–3.9) 0 65.0 19.3 92.9 0.7 6.4 36.2 9.9 80.1 33.3 3.6
5 Zhejiang Hangzhou 267 0.0 (0.0–1.4) 99.3 32.8 20.1 91.8 0.4 7.9 22.5 39.0 68.9 29.6 4.5
6 Hubei Jingzhou 409 0.5 (0.1–1.8) 98.1 41.9 28.6 89.2 2.9 7.8 21.3 26.2 79.5 14.4 0.2
7 Hubei Xiaogan 352 0.9 (0.3–2.5) 72.1 37.7 19.1 77.0 0.3 22.7 7.4 66.2 74.7 27.3 2.9
8 Guangdong Dongguan 407 5.9 (4.0–8.6) 39.2 44.8 21.9 76.9 4.4 18.7 57.0 11.1 37.3 9.8 11.8
9 Guangxi Nanning 291 21.0 (16.7–26.0) 53.2 44.0 53.6 90.0 2.1 7.9 12.4 75.3 74.2 49.1 17.3
10 Chongqing 368 7.3 (5.1–10.5) 63.7 38.8 52.2 77.4 1.1 21.5 37.2 28.5 62.5 0 .3
11 Guizhou Qianxinan 363 0.3 (0.1–1.6) 99.8 32.6 22.1 74.7 2.5 22.9 27.5 3.6 60.1 18.7 19.8
12 Guizhou Tongren 376 4.5 (2.8–7.1) 49.9 30.6 26.9 72.3 1.3 26.3 19.7 37.2 30.3 27.1 53.3
13 Sichuan Dazhou 223 0.4 (0.1–2.5) 50.0 58.7 33.0 73.1 4.9 22.0 28.3 7.6 57.4 20.6 .5
14 Sichuan Leshan 189 2.6 (1.1–6.1) 56.5 14.9 61.2 98.4 0.5 1.1 41.3 69.3 51.3 15.9 2.8
15 Sichuan Liangshan 415 29.4 (25.2–34.0) 76.7 15.4 20.8 90.1 1.9 8.0 26.7 12.0 49.6 6.7 94.9
16 Gansu Dingxi 193 0.0 (0.0–2.0) 64.5 1.0 1.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 38.9 6.2 42.5 3.6 3.2
17 Gansu Wuwei 357 0.0 (0.0–1.1) 44.6 1.4 0.3 98.3 0.3 1.4 34.2 1.7 56.3 3.6 12.0
18 Qinghai Haidong 163 0.6 (0.1–3.4) 0 8.1 21.2 96.9 0.0 3.1 10.4 62.0 40.5 7.4 49.1
19 Qinghai Haixi 478 0.0 (0.0–0.8) 62.6 3.6 2.1 95.6 0.4 4.0 50.6 11.3 60.3 3.8 35.4
20 Xinjiang Kashi 297 10.8 (7.7–14.8) 17.2 12.5 5.1 94.9 3.4 1.7 23.9 14.8 38.0 3.4 98.3
21 Xinjiang Yili 99 0.0 (0.0–3.7) 56.9 46.9 34.7 92.9 0.0 7.1 22.2 41.4 72.7 0 98.0