You are viewing the site in preview mode

Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Baseline characteristics at admission of patients with confirmed acute dengue.*

From: Dengue disease severity in Indonesian children: an evaluation of the World Health Organization classification system

Variable All patients (n = 152) Fatal cases (n = 6)
Age in years, median (IQR) 7 (5–10) 4 (4–6)
Male sex, n (%) 74 (49) 5 (83)
Duration of illness in days, median (IQR) 4 (3–4) 4 (4–5)
Haemorrhagic tendency, n (%) ¶ 133 (88) 6 (100)
Positive tourniquet test, n (%) 103 (68) 3 (50)
Spontaneous haemorrhage, n (%) £ 93 (61) 6 (100)
Hepatomegaly, n (%) 105 (69) 6 (100)
Systolic blood pressure in mmHg, median (IQR) 90 (80–100) 85 (68–93)
Hypotension for age, n (%) † 50 (33) 2 (33)
Pulse pressure <20 mmHg, n (%) 12 (8) 6 (100)
Pulse rate in beats/min, median (IQR) 120 (104–128) 130 (120–149)
Presence of pleural effusion, n (%) ‡ 102 (67) 5 (83)
Haematocrit in %, median (IQR) 41 (36–45) 42 (35–47)
Platelet count in cells/mm3, median (IQR) 58.000 (37.000–85.000) 31.000 (27.000–76.000)
Platelet count ≤ 100.000 cells/mm3, n (%) 131 (86) 5 (83)
  1. * n, denotes number; IQR, denotes interquartile range
  2. ¶ haemorrhagic tendency was present when at least one of the following was present: a) positive tourniquet test, b) petechiae, ecchymoses or purpura, c) bleeding from the mucosa, gastrointestinal tract, injection sites or other locations, d) haematemesis or melena
  3. £ spontaneous haemorrhage was defined as all haemorrhagic manifestations not caused by a tourniquet test or venapuncture
  4. † hypotension is defined to be a systolic pressure of <80 mmHg for those <5 years of age, or <90 mmHg for those ≥ 5 years [2]
  5. ‡ the presence of pleural effusion was assessed through a chest X-ray