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Table 2 Most frequently used empirical and adjusted antibiotic therapies

From: Empirical use of antibiotics and adjustment of empirical antibiotic therapies in a university hospital: a prospective observational study

Type of therapy Number of patients %
Empirical antibiotic therapies 539 100%
   Amoxicillin/clavulanate 223 41.4%
   Ciprofloxacin 88 16.3%
   Piperacillin/tazobactam 55 10.2%
   Amoxicillin/clavulanate + clarithromycin 33 6.1%
   Ceftriaxone 23 4.3%
   Cefepime + amikacin 18 3.3%
   Amoxicillin/clavulanate + amikacin 12 2.2%
   Ciprofloxacin + metronidazole 9 1.7%
   Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole 6 1.1%
   Norfloxacin 6 1.1%
   Cefepime 5 0.9%
   Ceftriaxone + clarithromycin 5 0.9%
   Other antibiotics or antibiotic combinations 56 10.4%
Adjusted antibiotic therapies 168 100%
   Amoxicillin/clavulanate 29 17.3%
   Piperacillin/tazobactam 22 13.1%
   Ciprofloxacin 15 8.9%
   Penicillin 12 7.1%
   Amoxicillin/clavulanate + ciprofloxacin 8 4.8%
   Amoxicillin/clavulanate + clarithromycin 6 3.6%
   Meropenem 5 3.0%
   Cefuroxime 5 3.0%
   Other antibiotics or antibiotic combinations a 66 39.3%
  1. a e.g.: ceftriaxone (4 patients), flucloxacillin (3), amoxicillin (3), levofloxacin (3), ciprofloxacin + metronidazole (3), ciprofloxacin + rifampicin (2), cefepime (2), cefepime + tobramycin (2), clindamycin (2), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (2), imipenem/cilastatin (2), vancomycin (2), ceftriaxone + rifampicin (2), cefuroxime + clarithromycin (2).