Wavelet analyses of the rainfall time series: (A) Cotiv021, (B) mean between Ghan132 and Ben270, (C) Ben270, (D) mean between Ben270 and Ben201, and (E) mean between Ben201 and Nige037. To deseasonalize the rainfall time series we removed all oscillating components with period less than 12 months using a low-pass Gaussian filter. In addition, all time series were normalized. For each time series, (i) the left panel displays rainfall time series. The solid and dense lines correspond to the raw time series and the deseasonalized time series, respectively. (ii) The middle panel shows the wavelet power spectrum for the different series (xaxis: time in year; yaxis: period in year). The power is coded from low values, in white, to high values, in black. The black dashed lines show the α = 5% significance level computed on 1,000 bootstrapped series. The inside area within the cone of influence (black line) indicates the region not influenced by edge effects. (iii) The right panel corresponds to the global wavelet spectrum (black line) with its significant threshold value of 5% (dashed line).