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Table 2 Potential enteropathogens identified in patients (n = 243) and population controls (n = 124)

From: Acute childhood diarrhoea in northern Ghana: epidemiological, clinical and microbiological characteristics

  Study group Control group odds ratio b p-value c
Enteropathogens No. of findings(%) No. of findings (%) adjusted for age and sex (95 % CI)  
Viruses a 178 (73.3) 57 (46.0) 3.27 (2.1 to 5.2) < 0.0001
Rotavirus 133 (54.7) 15 (12.1) 7.73 (4.2 to 14.2) < 0.0001
Adenovirus 67 (27.6) 39 (31.5) 1.12 (0.7 to 1.9) 0.7
Norovirus 23 (9.5) 11 (8.9) 0.84 (0.4 to 1.8) 0.7
Astrovirus 11 (4.5) 2 (1.6) 2.53 (0.6 to 11.7) 0.2
Parasites a 12 (4.9) 16 (12.9) 0.56 (0.2 to 1.3) 0.2
Giardia lamblia 9 (3.7) 12 (9.7) 0.56 (0.2 to 1.5) 0.2
Cryptosporidium sp. 1 (0.4) 1 (0.8) - -
Hymenolepis nana 2 (0.8) 1 (0.8) - -
Strongyloides stercoralis 1 (0.4) 1 (0.8) - -
Ancylostoma duodenale 1 (0.4) 1 (0.8) - -
Bacteria a 12 (4.8) 2 (1.6) 4.8 (0.9 to 27.0) 0.07
Salmonella enterica sp. 6 (2.4) 0 (0.0) - -
Campylobacter sp. 2 (0.8) 1 (0.8) - -
Shigella sp. 4 (1.6) 1 (0.8) - -
  1. a including double infections
  2. b "-" odds ratio was not computed if n ≤ 1 in study or control group;
  3. c "-" not significant