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Table 2 Microorganisms isolated from the 1048 culture-positive infected patients

From: Infections, antibiotic treatment and mortality in patients admitted to ICUs in countries considered to have high levels of antibiotic resistance compared to those with low levels

  LowABR countries (n = 196) HighABR countries (n = 852) P-value
Pathogen, n (%)    
S. aureus 32 (16.3) 137 (16.1) 0.993
 MRSA 2 (1.0) 69 (8.1) <0.001
 MSSA 30 (15.3) 70 (8.2) 0.002
S. epidermidis 18 (9.2) 117 (13.7) 0.087
S. pneumoniae 14 (7.1) 39 (4.6) 0.139
Enterococci 31 (15.8) 92 (10.8) 0.049
G+, others 20 (10.2) 48 (5.6) 0.019
E. coli 36 (18.4) 128 (15.0) 0.245
Enterobacteriaceae 10 (5.1) 52 (6.1) 0.592
Klebsiella 21 (10.7) 92 (10.8) 0.973
P. aeruginosa 27 (13.8) 172 (20.2) 0.039
Acinetobacter spp 5 (2.6) 130 (15.3) <0.001
ESBL-producing 4 (2.0) 10 (1.2) 0.340
G-, others 37 (18.9) 136 (16.0) 0.322
Anaerobes 15 (7.7) 22 (2.6) <0.001
Bacteria, others 3 (1.5) 12 (1.4) 0.897
Candida 45 (23.0) 156 (18.3) 0.136
Aspergillus 1 (0.5) 8 (0.9) 0.557
Fungi, others 5 (2.6) 6 (0.7) 0.022
Parasites 4 (2.0) 6 (0.7) 0.083
Organisms, others 12 (6.1) 19 (2.2) 0.004
  1. MRSA, methicillin-resistant S. aureus; MSSA, methicillin-sensitive S. aurues; G+, Gram positive; ESBL, extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase; G-, Gram negative.