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Epidemiological considerations on HIV infection in Constanța county

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The epidemiological trend of evolution of HIV-AIDS is a topic of great interest to the international scientific community today.

This paper aims to formulate epidemiological considerations on the evolution of HIV infection in Constanța.


The authors performed a retrospective study on two groups of patients selected from the cohort born between 1987 and 1989, based on 2 distinct patterns of evolution: acute evolution (1987-1993) and chronic course (2009-2013).

We correlated clinical developments, therapeutic interventions and causes of death in 2 periods: 1987-1993 and 2009-2013.


Group A (patients with natural progression of the disease), with a survival rate of 18-24 months, who received only medical care and assistance, with causes of death like opportunistic infections and high mortality type.

Group B (patients with HAART), which are derived from cohort and new detected, with a mean survival time of 10-11 years, reduced mortality, predominantly through tuberculosis or pneumocystosis, polyexperimented patients, immunologically exhausted or not adherent.


A retrospective epidemiological characterization of the 2 groups of patients confirmed the essential role of health care, including palliative care, especially of antiretroviral therapy in modifying the "pattern" of evolution of HIV-AIDS disease.

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Correspondence to Iulia Gabriela Șerban.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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  • Tuberculosis
  • Survival Time
  • Medical Care
  • Palliative Care
  • Therapeutic Intervention