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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristic and sexual behavioural factors that associated with HIV testing among Chinese MSM

From: Pattern of HIV testing and multiple sexual partnerships among men who have sex with men in China

Characteristics Total Changsha Tianjin χ2 P-value
(N = 447) (N = 238) (N = 209)
n % n % n %   
Age     6.80 0.03*
  <20 30 6.7% 22 9.2% 8 3.8%   
  20-39 361 80.8% 182 76.5% 179 85.6%   
  ≥40 54 12.1% 32 13.4% 22 10.5%   
  Missing 2 0.4% 2 0.8% 0 0%   
Marital status        3.02 0.08
  Never married 287 64.2% 142 59.7% 145 69.4%   
  Married/Cohabiting/divorced/widowed 153 34.2% 89 37.4% 64 30.6%   
  Others/Missing 7 1.6% 7 2.9% 0 0%   
Residency        20.97 <0.001***
  Local 216 48.3% 89 37.4% 127 60.8%   
  Non-local 222 49.7% 140 58.8% 82 39.2%   
  Missing 9 2.0% 9 3.8% 0 0%   
Education Level        37.411 <0.001***
  Junior high & lower 32 7.2% 9 3.8% 23 11.0%   
  Senior high 141 31.5% 52 21.8% 89 42.6%   
  College & above 273 61.1% 176 73.9% 97 46.4%   
  Missing 1 0.2% 1 0.4% 0 0%   
Occupation        0.02 0.90
  Student/Others 234 52.3% 124 52.1% 110 52.6%   
  Employed 209 46.8% 112 47.1% 97 46.4%   
  Missing 4 0.9% 2 0.8% 2 1.0%   
Self-identified sexual identity        16.05 <0.001***
  Homosexual 353 79.0% 201 84.5% 152 72.7%   
  Heterosexual/Bisexual 83 18.6% 27 11.3% 56 26.8%   
  Unsure/Missing 11 2.5% 10 4.2% 1 0.5%   
HIV testing behaviour        1.26 0.53
  Tested within the past 12 months 262 58.6% 145 60.9% 117 56.0%   
  Tested more than 12 months ago 95 21.3% 49 20.6% 46 22.0%   
  Never tested 90 20.1% 44 18.5% 46 22.0%   
  1. Note: *p < 0.05, **p <0.01 and ***p <0.001.