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Table 1 Demographic characteristic of the cases and controls

From: The assessment of risk factors for the Central/East African Genotype of chikungunya virus infections in the state of Kelantan: a case control study in Malaysia

Demographic characteristic Case Control Total
Gender Male 38(40.0%) 51(41.5%) 89(40.8%)
  Female 57(60.0%) 72(58.5%) 129(59.2%)
  Total 95(100%) 123(100%) 218(100%)
Age group Adolescent 8(8.4%) 22(17.9%) 30(13.8%)
  Adult 73(76.8%) 84(68.3%) 157(72.0%)
  Elderly 14(14.2%) 17(13.8%) 31(14.2%)
  Total 95(100%) 123(100%) 218(100%)
Ethnic group Malays 93(97.9%) 120(97.6%) 213(97.7%)
  Chinese 1(1.1%) 2(1.6%) 3(1.4%)
  others 1(0.8%) 1(1.1%) 2(0.9%)
  Total 95(100%) 123(100%) 218(100%)
Locality Rural 92(96.8%) 114(92.7%) 206(94.5%)
  Urban 3(3.2%) 9(7.3%) 12(5.5%)
  Total 95(100%) 123(100%) 218(100%)
Occupation Government officer 2(2.1%) 3(2.4%) 5(2.3%)
  Teacher 3(3.2%) 2(1.6%) 5(2.3%)
  Retired 1(1.1%) 1(0.8%) 2(0.9%)
  Student 7(7.4%) 18(14.6%) 25(11.5%)
  Self employed 19(20.0%) 23(18.7%) 42(19.3%)
  Labourer 5(5.3%) 8(6.5%) 13(6.0%)
  Others 6(6.3%) 15(12.2%) 21(9.6%)
  Housewife 31(32.6%) 46(37.4%) 77(35.3%)
  Rubber tapper 21(22.1%) 7(5.7%) 28(12.8%)
  Total 95(100%) 123(100%) 218(100%)
Level of education Primary School 26(27.4%) 32(26.0%) 58(26.6%)
  Lower secondary school 27(28.4%) 34(27.6%) 61(28.0%)
  Upper secondary school 26(27.4%) 40(32.5%) 66(30.3%)
  College/Universities 1(1.1%) 6(4.9%) 7(3.2%)
  Religious School 4(4.2%) 4(3.3%) 8(3.7%)
  Not schooling 8(8.4%) 7(5.7%) 15(6.9%)
  No formal education 3(3.2%) 0(.0%) 3(1.4%)
  Total 95(100%) 123(100%) 218(100%)