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Table 1 Selected details of included studies

From: Similar herpes zoster incidence across Europe: results from a systematic literature review

  Ref Country Study dates Author Designa Concerned population Age criteria Case ascertainment Diagnosis Cases (n) Incidence /1 000 PY [95% CI]b
1 [20] Belgium 1994-03 Truyers A2 Patients of 51 GPs All Notified by GPs ICPC-code S70 NR 4.57 [4.31-4.79]
2 [21] France 2009 Sentinel network (INVS) A2 454 active GPs (62 809 976 patients) All Weekly returns of all diagnoses Individual GPs 992 5.52 [5.06-5.98]
3 [22] France 2005-08 Gonzales-Chiappe A2 Patients of ~1200 GPs All Notified by GPs Individual GPs 2375 3.82 [3.64-4.05]
4 [23] France 2005 Mick B1 Patients of 231 GPs, 41 dermatologists, 15 neurologists ≥50y Postal survey – cases seen in 2005 Individuals clinicians 777 8.99 [8.34-9.64]
5 [24] France 1998 Czernichow B1 Patients of 744 GPs All Postal survey of GPs – cases seen in previous year Individual GPs 605 3.20 [3.00-3.40]
6 [25] Germany 2004 Schiffner-Rohe B2 120 399 patients ≥50y Searches in computerized records ICD-10 1176 9.80 [9.20-10.40]
7 [26] Germany 1992-93 Paul A1 Population of Ansbach City (about 40 000 inhabitants) All All cases seen by GPs, dermatologists, pediatricians Individual clinicians 152 2.26
8 [27] Iceland 1990-95 Helgason A1 Patients of 62 GPs (out of 150 GPs in Iceland) All Notified by GPs Individual GPs 462 2.00 [1.80-2.20]
9 [28] Iceland 1990-95 Peturssonc A1 Patients of 62 GPs <20y Notified by GPs Individual GPs 118 1.60
10 [29] Italy 2003-05 EmbertiGialloreti B2 Patients of 342 GPs (0.8% of Italian GPs) (450 000 patients) ≥15y Searches in computerized records ICD-9 5675 4.31 [4.11-4.52]
11 [30] Italy 2004 Di Legami A1 Population of Piemonte (26 934 patients) ≥14y Notified by GPs Individual GPs 46 1.74 [1.28-2.32]
12 [31] Netherlands 2001 Opstelten A1 104 GPs (about 390 000 patients) All Notified by GPs Individual GPs 1080 3.20 [3.00-3.40]
13 [32] Netherlands 1998-01 de Melker B1 Patients of 43 GPs (about 1% of the Dutch population) All Notified by GPs Individual GPs NR 3.25
14 [33] Netherlands 1994-99 Opstelten B2 22 GPs in six areas (about 49 000 patients) All Searches in computerized records Individual GPs 837 3.40 [2.90-3.90]
15 [34] Spain 2007 Cebrian-Cuenca A1 24 GPs in Valencia community (about 36 030 patients > 14y) >14y Notified by GPs Individual GPs 146 4.10 [3.40-4.70]
16 [35] Spain 2005-06 Garcia-Cenoz B2 Patients of GPs in Navarre All Searches in computerized records ICD-10 4959 4.15
17 [36] Switzerland 1998-01 Richard A2 Patients of 250 physicians (GPs, pediatricians, physicians of internal medicine) All Notified by physicians Individual clinicians 2236 2.36
18 [37] UK 2000-06 Gauthier B2 603 GPs Research Database (GPRD) (3 million of patients) ≥50y Searches in computerized records ICD-10, first episode 25 002 5.23 [2.17-5.29]
19 [38] UK 1947-72 Hope-Simpson B1 GPs in Cirencester (about 3700 patients) All All recorded cases NR 321 3.40
20 [39] UK 1994-01 Fleming B2 Up to 91 GPs (RCGP) (About 200 000 patients) All Weekly returns of all diagnoses Individual GPs 14 532 3.20
21 [40] UK 1991-00 Brisson B2 69 GPs in England & Wales (~570000 patients) All Searches in computerized records ICD-9 112 409 3.73
  1. Abbreviations: PY person-years, CI confidence interval, NR not reported, GP general practitioner, ICD-10 International Classification of Diseases, version 10, UK United Kingdom.
  2. a Design:
  3.   A. Prospective study: A1: ad hoc health care-based study A2: sentinel practice network-based study.
  4.   B. Retrospective study: B1:ad hoc study with review of patients’ medical charts B2: database study.
  5. b For some studies, the confidence interval of incidence is not specified.
  6. c The Petursson study is a sub-analysis of the Helgason study among children and adolescents aged less than 20 years.