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Table 3 Antibiotic resistant bacteria isolated from all specimens

From: Bacterial infections in Lilongwe, Malawi: aetiology and antibiotic resistance

  Gram positive organisms S. aureus S. pneumoniae
Antibiotic Resistant n/N (%) Resistant + Intermediate n/N (%) Resistant n/N (%) Resistant n/N (%)
Chloramphenicol 59/171 (34.5) 77/171 (45.0) 30/95 (31.6) 17/51 (33)
Clindamycin 19/188 (10.1) 72/188 (38.3) 14/143 (9.8) 3/30 (10.0)
Erythromycin 62/220 (28.2) 112/220 (50.9) 51/122 (41.8) 1/67 (1.5)
Gentamicin 60/183 (32.8) 77/183 (42.1) 28/141 (19.9) 23/27 (85.2)
Oxacillin 70/230 (30.4) 84/230 (36.5) 46/147 (31.3) 11/59 (18.6)*
Tetracycline 135/222 (60.8) 150/222 (67.6) 81/129 (62.8) 32/63 (50.8)
Tmp-Sxt 149/199 (74.9) 158/199 (79.4) 88/127 (69.3) 42/47 (89.4)
  Gram negative organisms Salmonella spp .
  Resistant n/N (%) Resistant + Intermediate n/N (%) Resistant n/N (%) Resistant + Intermediate n/N (%)
Chloramphenicol 49/69 (71.0) 52/69 (75.4) 12/17 (70.1) 12/17 (70.6)
Gentamicin 27/80 (33.8) 31/80 (38.8) 0/19 (0.0) 2/19 (10.5)
Tmp-Sxt 53/65 (81.5) 54/65 (83.1) 12/15 (80.0) 12/15 (80.0)
Ampicillin 65/84 (77.4) 69/84 (82.1) 18/21 (85.7) 18/21 (85.7)
Ceftriaxone 16/85 (18.8) 29/85 (34.1) 0/20 (5.0) 1/20 (5.0)
Ciprofloxacin 9/75 (12.0) 20/75 (26.7) 0/22 (0.0) 0/22 (0.0)
Nalidixic acid 26/79 (32.9) 44/79 (55.7) 0/20 (0.0) 9/20 (45.0)