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Table 3 Hygiene practices among farmers on small-scale swine farms in Chancay and Tumbesa

From: Interspecies interactions and potential Influenza A virus risk in small swine farms in Peru

Protective Clothing Chancay (N = 20) % (n) Tumbes (N = 16) % (n) p-value
Footwear    p < 0.001
Barefoot 0% (0) 25.0% (4)  
Flip-flops 40.0% (8) 62.5% (10)  
Closed-toed, not boots 0% (0) 12.5% (2)  
Boots 60.0% (12) 0% (0)  
Handwear    p = 1.000
Bare hands 95.0% (19) 100.0% (16)  
Gloves 5.0% (1) 0% (0)  
Face protection    p = 1.000
Mask 0% (0) 0% (0)  
Hand-Washing Practices % (n/N) % (n/N) p = 0.731
No washing 45.0% (9/20) 56.3% (9/16)  
Water only 25.0% (5/20) 25.0% (4/16)  
Water and soap 20.0% (4/20) 6.2% (1/16)  
Water and detergent 10.0% (2/20) 12.5% (2/16)  
Face Touching % (n) n/a n/a
No face touching 55.0% (11/20) n/a  
Touched forehead 44.4% (4/9) n/a  
Touched nose 55.6% (5/9) n/a  
Touched mouth 0% (0) n/a  
  1. a All tests using Fisher's exact.