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Table 2 Interspecies interactions on small-scale swine farms in Chancay and Tumbesa

From: Interspecies interactions and potential Influenza A virus risk in small swine farms in Peru

Avian-Swine Interactions Chancay (N = 20) % (n) Tumbes (N = 16) % (n) p-value
Consumption of raw/cooked poultry mortality by swine 30.0% (6) 0% (0) p = 0.024
Presence of chickens/ducks inside swine pen 35.0% (7) 37.5% (6) p = 0.575
Presence of chickens/ducks on wall of swine pen 30.0% (6) 18.8% (3) p = 0.353
Human-Avian (chickens and ducks) Interactions    
Humans handling dead chickens 30.0% (6) 0% (0) p = 0.024
Humans touching chickens/ducks 10.0% (2) 0% (0) p = 0.492
Humans feeding chickens/ducks 10.0% (2) 25.0% (4) p = 0.374
Human-Swine Interactions    
Humans removing swine feces 95.0% (19) 12.5% (2) p < 0.001
Humans feeding swine 80.0% (16) 87.5% (14) p = 0.672
Humans providing veterinary care to swine 10.0% (2) 6.3% (1) p = 1.000
Humans swatting/patting swine 80.0% (16) 68.8% (11) p = 0.470
Average number of times per farm 3.3 1.3  
Humans picking up swine 30.0% (6) 6.3% (1) p = 0.104
Average number of times per farm 3.0 1.0  
Swine nuzzling/sniffing humans 60% (12) 12.5% (2) p = 0.006
Average number of times per farm 1.6 1.0  
  1. a All tests using Fisher's exact.