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Table 2 Pathogens isolated from device–associated infections during 2000–2008

From: Surveillance on secular trends of incidence and mortality for device–associated infection in the intensive care unit setting at a tertiary medical center in Taiwan, 2000–2008: A retrospective observational study

Isolated pathogens Ventilator–associated pneumonia Central line–associated bloodstream infection Catheter–associated urinary tract infection
  (%)(n = 500) (%)(n = 323) (%)(n = 467)
Gram–positive cocci 18.0 30.2 15.9
  Staphylococcus aureus 17.4* 20.4* 2.6
  coagulase–negative staphylococcus 0 4.6 1.5
  Enterococcus sp. 0 3.4 10.5*
  others 0 1.5 0.4
Gram–positive bacilli 0.6 0.3 0.9
Gram–negative bacilli 79.6 44.7 48.2
Enterobacteriaceae 14.6 11.8 25.3
  Escherichia Coli 2.4 2.8 9.9*
  Klebsiella pneumoniae 9.4 5.0 9.2
  Proteus Mirabilis 0.2 0.3 2.6
  Serratia marcescens 1.0 3.7 1.7
  Enterobacter sp. 1.6 0 1.9
non fermentative Gram negative bacilli 62.2 27.3 19.9
  Pseudomonas aeruginosa 18.2* 5.6 8.8
  Acinetobacter baumannii 23.0* 14.9* 6.9
  Burkholderia cepacia 4.8 2.2 1.3
  Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 12.4 3.1 1.3
  others 3.8 1.5 1.7
other Gram–negative bacilli 2.8 5.5 2.9
Yeast 2.4 25.1 35.9
  Candida Albicans 0.2 14.6* 4.9
  non–albicans Candida spp. 0.2 6.2 3.4
  others 2.0 4.3 27.6*
  1. *The first three common pathogens isolated in site–specific device–associated infection.