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Table 3 Multivariable adjusted predictors of the tuberculosis treatment outcome, odds ratio and 95% confidence interval

From: HIV testing, HIV status and outcomes of treatment for tuberculosis in a major diagnosis and treatment centre in Yaounde, Cameroon: a retrospective cohort study

  Cured/completed Default/failure Deaths Tranferred LR test (p-value)
Age, per year 1 (reference) 1.00 (0.99–1.02) 1.04 (1.03-1.06) 1.01 (0.99-1.02) <0.001
Sex, men vs. women 1 (reference) 0.98 (0.76–1.27) 0.89 (0.56-1.41) 0.69 (0.45-1.05) 0.372
Residence, urban vs. rural 1 (reference) 1.21 (0.84–1.74) 1.10 (0.58-2.01) 3.81 (2.39-6.06) <0.001
Clinical forms      0.140
PTB+ 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)  
EPTB 1 (reference) 1.21 (0.85–1.73) 1.08 (0.58–2.02) 0.82 (0.48–1.40)  
PTB- 1 (reference) 1.86 (1.13–3.01) 2.08 (0.94–4.60) 1.18 (0.53–2.60)  
Type of patient, new vs retreatment 1 (reference) 0.73 (0.48–1.11) 1.43 (0.56–3.68) 1.64 (0.64–4.20) 0.20
HIV serology      <0.001
Negative 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)  
Positive 1 (reference) 1.19 (0.89–1.59) 6.43 (3.57–11.57) 1.13 (0.95–1.85)  
Not done 1 (reference) 2.44 (1.73–3.45) 6.09 (3.02–12.28) 2.76 (1.62–4.72)  
HIV test, not done vs. done 1 (reference) 2.30 (1.65–3.21) 2.26 (1.29–3.97) 2.69 (1.62–4.46) <0.001
HIV serology*, Positive vs Negative 1 (reference) 1.19 (0.88–1.59) 6.35 (3.53–11.45) 1.14 (0.69–1.86) <0.001
  1. PTB+, smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis ; EPTB, extra-pulmonary tuberculosis ; PTB-, smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis; LR, likelihood ratio; *only in the subgroup of participants with the test done.