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Table 2 Sex and age adjusted predictors of the tuberculosis treatment outcome, odds ratio and 95% confidence interval

From: HIV testing, HIV status and outcomes of treatment for tuberculosis in a major diagnosis and treatment centre in Yaounde, Cameroon: a retrospective cohort study

  Cured/completed Default/failure Deaths Tranferred LR test (p-value)
Age, per year 1 (reference) 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 1.05 (1.03-1.06) 1.02 (1.00–1.03) <0.001
Sex, men vs. women 1 (reference) 1.07 (0.83–1.37) 0.91 (0.58-1.43) 0.83 (0.56–1.26) 0.717
Residence, urban vs. rural 1 (reference) 1.16 (0.81–1.66) 1.03 (0.55-1.94) 3.56 (2.26–5.62) <0.001
Clinical forms      0.032
PTB+ 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)  
EPTB 1 (reference) 1.11 (0.79–1.56) 1.00 (0.54–1.86) 0.74 (0.45–1.24)  
PTB- 1 (reference) 1.83 (1.13–2.97) 2.42 (1.12–5.25) 1.09 (0.51–2.36)  
Type of patient, new vs retreatment 1 (reference) 0.76 (0.51–1.14) 1.59 (0.63–4.06) 1.85 (0.74–4.67) 0.13
HIV serology      <0.001
Negative 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)  
Positive 1 (reference) 1.19 (0.89–1.59) 6.37 (3.55–11.41) 1.14 (0.70–1.86)  
Not done 1 (reference) 2.51 (1.78–3.53) 6.49 (3.26–12.93) 2.87 (1.69–4.86)  
HIV test, not done vs. done 1 (reference) 2.37 (1.70–3.28) 2.48 (1.43–4.31) 2.79 (1.69–4.60) <0.001
HIV serology*, Positive vs Negative 1 (reference) 1.19 (0.89–1.60) 6.40 (3.57–11.46) 1.13 (0.69–1.85) <0.001
  1. PTB+, smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis ; EPTB, extra-pulmonary tuberculosis ; PTB-, smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis; LR, likelihood ratio ; *only in the subgroup of participants with test done.