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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with tuberculosis according to the treatment outcome at the Jamot Hospital in 2009

From: HIV testing, HIV status and outcomes of treatment for tuberculosis in a major diagnosis and treatment centre in Yaounde, Cameroon: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristics Categories Total Outcomes of tuberculosis treatment
Cured/Completed* Failure Deaths Defaulted Transferred P-value
N(%)   1647 1121 (68.1) 6 (0.4) 86 (5.2) 331 (20.1) 103 (6.3)  
Age, years, n(%)         
  ≤33 854 (51.9) 609 (71.3) 2 (0.2) 24 (2.8) 172 (20.1) 47 (5.5) <0.001
  >33 793 (48.1) 512 (64.6) 4 (0.5) 62 (7.8) 159 (20.1) 56 (7.1)  
  Mean (SD) 35.5 (13.2) 35.3 (12.9) 37.3 (13.7) 43.9 (14) 35.7 (13.3) 37.1 (13.9) <0.001
Men, n (%)   938 (57) 635 (67.7) 4 (0.4) 50 (5.3) 194 (20.7) 55 (5.9) 0.467
Urban residence, n (%)   1390/1622 (85.7) 968 (69.6) 5 (0.4) 72 (5.2) 278 (20) 67 (4.8) <0.001
Clinical forms, n (%)         
  PTB+ 1216 (73.8) 845 (69.5) 6 (0.5) 56 (4.6) 239 (19.7) 70 (5.7) <0.001
  PTB- 155 (9.4) 86 (55.5) 0 (0) 16 (10.3) 42 (27.1) 11 (7.1)  
  EPTB 276 (16.8) 190 (68.8) 0 (0) 14 (5.1) 50 (3.7) 22 (8.0)  
Type of patient, n (%)         
  New cases 1505 (91.4) 1026 (68.2) 5 (0.3) 81(5.4) 295 (19.6) 98 (6.5) 0.27
  Relapse 119 (7.2) 81(68.1) 1 (0.8) 5 (4.2) 28 (23.5) 4 (3.4)  
  Failure 3 (0.2) 2 (66.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (33.3)  
  Defaulters 20 (1.2) 12 (60) 0 (0) 0 (0) 8 (40) 0 (0)  
HIV serology, n (%)         
  Not done 228 (13.8) 113 (49.6) 2 (0.9) 20 (8.8) 69 (30.3) 24 (10.5) <0.001
  Negative 922/1419 (65) 685 (74.3) 4 (0.4) 17 (1.8) 166 (18) 50 (5.4) <0.001
  Positive 497/1419 (35) 323 (65.0) 0 (0) 49 (9.8) 96 (19.3) 29 (5.8)  
  1. SD, standard deviation; EPTB, extra-pulmonary tuberculosis ; PTB+, smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis ; PTB-, smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis; cured + completed = therapeutic success.