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Table 2 Comparison of the two groups (Univariable analysis)

From: Impaired distensibility of ascending aorta in patients with HIV infection

  Patients Controls P value
(N=105) (N=124)
Basic Demographics    
Male sex, (%) 86 (82) 104 (84) 0.69
Age (years) 41.0 ± 0.92 39.2 ± 1.03 0.19
Greek origin, (%) 99 (94) 110 (89) 0.13
Metabolic profile    
Obesity, (BMI > 30 kg/m2) 5 (4.8) 25 (20.2) 0.001
Diabetes, (%) 4 (3.8) 3 (2.5) 0.54
Glucose (mg dL−1) 93.5 ± 1.67 95.2 ± 2.13 0.55
Hypertriglyceridemia, (%) 64 (61) 36 (30) <0.001
Triglycerides (mg dL−1) 234.3 ± 19.5 118.5 ± 6.1 <0.001
Hypercholesterolemia, (%) 98 (93) 51 (41) <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg dL−1) 220.5 ± 5.84 195.8 ± 4.14 <0.001
LDL (mg dL−1) 135.1 ± 5.07 124.2 ± 3.59 0.08
HDL (mg dL−1) 41.9 ± 0.95 47.9 ± 1.20 <0.001
Smokers, (%) 47 (37.9) 59 (56.2) 0.36
History/Laboratory values    
Coronary Artery Disease/Stroke, (%) 1 (1) 6 (4.8) 0.09
Arterial Hypertension, (%) 1 (1) 13 (10.5) 0.003
-systolic (mmHg) 117.7 ± 0.91 123.5 ± 1.03 <0.001
-diastolic (mmHg) 72.8 ± 0.63 77.9 ± 0.78 <0.001
Hb values (mg dL−1) 13.4 ± 0.17 14.2 ± 0.15 <0.001
Creatinine (mg dL−1) 0.95 ± 0.01 1.08 ± 0.02 <0.001
CRP (mg dL−1) 5.0 ± 0.78 9.4 ± 2.25 0.09
Cardiac Indexes    
IMT right (mm) 0.59 ± 0.01 0.66 ± 0.08 0.41
  IMT right ≥ 0.9mm 4(4) 9(7) 0.26
IMT left (mm) 0.62 ± 0.01 0.67 ± 0.08 0.59
  IMT left ≥ 0.9mm 11(10) 9(7) 0.39
Distensibility (10-6 dyn-1 cm2) 2.20 ± 0.01 2.62 ± 0.01 <0.001
  1. Data are given as mean ± standard deviation.
  2. BMI, body mass index; LDL, low density lipoprotein; HDL, high density lipoprotein; Hb, hemoglobin; CRP, C-reactive protein; IMT, Intima-media thickness of carotid artery.