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Table 3 List of reasons for 381 hospitalizations among 737 HIV-exposed infants at 12 months of life in Pune, India

From: High Rates of All-cause and Gastroenteritis-related Hospitalization Morbidity and Mortality among HIV-exposed Indian Infants

  N (%)   N (%)
Infectious 215 (56.0) Non-infectious 166 (44.0)
Gastroenteritis 67 (17.6) Hyperbilirubinemia 35 (9.2)
Meningitis or sepsis 44 (11.5) Abnormal chemistry values† 32 (8.4)
Pneumonia 25 (6.6) Neutropenia 21 (5.5)
Rash without fever 19 (5.0) Anemia 12 (3.1)
Syphilis 18 (4.7) Prematurity, low birth weight, small for gestational age 12 (3.1)
Conjunctivitis 15 (3.9) Congenital anomaly 11 (2.9)
Impetigo 7 (1.8) Respiratory distress syndrome 11 (2.9)
Upper respiratory infection 7 (1.8) Meconium aspiration 8 (2.1)
Fever 5 (1.3) Seizure 6 (1.6)
Tuberculosis 5 (1.3) Failure to thrive 4 (1.0)
Cellulitis 3 (0.8) Thrombocytosis 2 (0.5)
Hepatitis 1 (0.3) Other skin conditions 2 (0.5)
Urinary tract infection 1 (0.3) Trauma/abuse 2 (0.5)
Skin abscess 1 (0.3) Irritability or colic 3 (0.8)
   Bleeding 1 (0.3)
   Umbilical granuloma 1 (0.3)
  1. NOTES:
  2. for infants with multiple diagnoses, infectious diseases were listed as the primary reason for hospitalization.
  3. †Includes abnormal liver or renal function tests.
  4. The 18 infants hospitalized for syphilis were admitted for treatment based on maternal syphilis serological diagnoses. The 15 infants hospitalized for conjunctivitis and 7 for upper respiratory infection were admitted for symptoms assessment, respectively; no other diagnoses were reported at discharge. Among hospitalized infants 5 had dual diagnoses of sepsis and pneumonia and 5 had sepsis and gastroenteritis.