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Table 2 Hospitalization and mortality rates among 737 HIV-exposed infants at 12 months of life in Pune, India

From: High Rates of All-cause and Gastroenteritis-related Hospitalization Morbidity and Mortality among HIV-exposed Indian Infants

  Overall HIV-infected HIV-exposed, uninfected Rate Ratio  
  N = 737 N = 93 N = 644   
  cases Rate/1000 PY (95% CI) cases Rate/1000 PY (95% CI) cases Rate/1000 PY (95% CI) (95% CI) P-value
Hospitalization         
   All-cause 260 548 (495-606) 44 906 (717-1129) 216 497 (443-556) 1.82 (1.40-2.34) <0.001
   Cause-specific         
Gastroenteritis 65 122 (98-151) 16 229 (140-354) 49 107 (83-136) 2.14 (1.23-3.58) <0.05
Sepsis/Meningitis 44 63 (46-85) 7 103 (47-196) 33 58 (40-80) 1.79 (0.76-3.80) 0.14
Pneumonia 23 35 (22-51) 5 57 (28-63) 18 31 (19-49) 1.83 (0.53-5.07) 0.25
Mortality         
   In-Hospital 5 7 (2-17) 3 35 (7-103) 2 3 (0.4-12) 10.3 (1.18-123.07) 0.02
   Overall 27 40 (27-59) 13 152 (81-261) 14 24 (13-40) 6.36 (2.75-14.60) <0.001
  1. NOTES:
  2. Case was defined as the number of infants experiencing the event. All-cause hospitalization includes any reason for hospitalization. The causes of death for the 5 infants who died in-hospital include sepsis, pneumonia (2), gastroenteritis, and jaundice.