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Table 3 Specific encephalitis pathogens and frequency of testing

From: Should there be a standardised approach to the diagnostic workup of suspected adult encephalitis? a case series from Australia

Viral pathogens Testing frequency, n = 74 (%) Bacterial pathogens Testing frequency, n = 74 (%)
Adenovirus 5 (6.8%) Bartonella sp 1 (1.4%)
Australian Bat Lyssavirus 0 Chlamydia species 5 (6.8%)
Cytomegalovirus 18 (24.3%) Legionella pneumonia 4 (5.4%)
Enterovirus group 20 (27.0%) Mycoplasma pneumoniae 9 (12.2%)
Epstein-Barr virus 16 (21.6%) Q fever 10 (13.5%)
Flavivirus 11 (14.9%)   
Herpes simplex virus 53 (71.6%) Other pathogens Testing frequency, n = 74 (%)
Influenza A & B viruses 6 (8.1%) Cryptococcus 46 (62.2%)
Japanese Encephalitis 0 Mycobactrium tuberculosis 11 (14.9%)
Kunjin 2 (2.7%) Rickettsiae 2 (2.7%)
Measles virus 1 (1.4%) Toxoplasma 7 (9.5%)
Mumps virus 0   
Murray Valley Encephalitis 5 (6.8%)   
Rubella 2 (2.7%)   
Varicella zoster virus 14 (18.9%)