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Table 2 Bacteremia by clinical syndrome among persons ≥5 years of age presenting to Lwak Hospital, rural western Kenya , October 2006 - September 2008

From: High rate of pneumococcal bacteremia in a prospective cohort of older children and adults in an area of high HIV prevalence in rural western Kenya

  SARIa - Not Admitted SARI - Admitted Admitted -- not SARI Fever Only (temp >= 38.0) Total
Number patients (N) 1030 418 822 481 2751
Number blood cultures (% clinic visits) 514 (49.9) 264 (63.2) 315 (38.3) 190 (39.5) 1283b (46.6)
Positive blood cultures (% of cultures)c 25 (4.9) 41 (15.5) 18 (5.7) 4 (2.1) 88 (6.9)
Pneumococcus recovered (% of cultures) 14 (2.7) 27 (10.2) 9 (2.9) 2 (1.1) 52 (4.1)
Serotype 1 (% pneumococci) 6 (42.9) 11 (40.7) 3 (33.3) 2 (100) 22 (42.3)
HIV positive/number tested (%) 5/9 (55.6) 9/13 (69.2) 5/7 (71.4) 0/2 (0) 19/31(61.3)
  1. aSARI is severe acute respiratory illness (see methods).
  2. b18 patients were cultured for other reasons besides the 4 criteria listed.
  3. cExcludes contaminants.