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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of patients with GNB according to quintiles of the absolute difference of the SDBGC respect the reference value of lowest mortality (155 mg/dL).

From: Altered blood glucose concentration is associated with risk of death among patients with community-acquired Gram-negative rod bacteremia

  1stQuintile n = 183 2ndQuintile n = 190 3rdQuintile n = 163 4thQuintile n = 167 5thQuintile n = 166 p
Range of difference in BGC with the reference value (mg/dL) ≤15 16-29 30-42 43-62 ≥63 -
Demographics       
   Male sex 59.0 53.7 54.0 54.5 41.6 0.02
   Age >65 y 74.9 76.3 75.5 61.4 77.1 0.006
Comorbidity       
   Diabetes mellitus 10.4 11.1 6.8 4.2 49.1 <0.001
   Neoplasm 10.4 10.5 9.3 10.2 6.1 0.59
   COPD 9.3 13.2 9.9 7.8 6.1 0.2
   Dementia 6.0 6.8 8.0 7.9 12.7 0.19
   Liver cirrhosis 4.4 3.2 6.2 4.2 10.3 0.04
   Stroke 5.5 6.3 3.1 6.6 7.9 0.44
   Immunosuppression 4.4 2.1 3.7 6.0 5.5 0.39
   Chronic renal failure 2.7 2.1 4.3 2.4 5.5 0.37
   Charlson ≥3 11.5 16.1 13.8 18.5 14.8 0.57
Origin of infection       
   Urinary 49.5 55.0 55.3 63.0 59.1 0.12
   Biliary 20.3 21.2 22.4 13.9 12.8 0.07
   Unknown 17.6 12.2 12.4 9.1 15.9 0.16
   Intra-abdominal 4.4 3.7 4.3 4.8 4.3 1
   Pneumonia 1.1 1.6 1.2 2.4 3.0 0.64
Microorganism       
   E. coli 82.0 83.2 82.2 82.6 78.3 0.8
   Klebsiella spp. 6.0 3.7 6.7 6.6 7.8 0.56
   Proteus spp. 4.4 5.8 6.1 4.8 4.2 0.9
   Salmonella spp. 5.5 3.7 3.7 4.2 5.4 0.86
   Enterobacter spp. 2.2 3.7 1.2 1.2 4.2 0.25
Adequate empirical treatment 82.6 80.3 85.8 81.8 83.7 0.7
   Polymicrobial bacteremia 8.2 7.4 9.2 5.4 8.4 0.74
Presentation       
   Septic shock 0 0.5 1.8 1.2 1.8 0.35
Outcome       
   Required ICU 4.4 1.6 3.1 4.2 3.6 0.58
   Death 3.3 6.3 7.4 7.8 12.0 0.03
  1. Data are % of patients. ICU: Intensive care unit.