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  1. Content type: Research

    Loss to follow-up after a positive infant HIV diagnosis negates the potential benefits of robust policies recommending immediate triple antiretroviral therapy initiation in HIV positive infants. Whilst the dia...

    Authors: Elelwani Mathivha, Steve Olorunju, Debra Jackson, Thu-Ha Dinh, Nicolette du Plessis and Ameena Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):790

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  2. Content type: Research

    Despite improved policies to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT), adherence to maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART) and infant Nevirapine prophylaxis (NVP) is low in South Africa. We describe ART ...

    Authors: Anna Larsen, Vuyolwethu Magasana, Thu-Ha Dinh, Nobubelo Ngandu, Carl Lombard, Mireille Cheyip, Kassahun Ayalew, Witness Chirinda, Gurpreet Kindra, Debra Jackson and Ameena Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):789

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  3. Content type: Research

    Since 2001 the South African guidelines to improve child health and prevent vertical HIV transmission recommended frequent infant follow-up with HIV testing at 18 months postpartum. We sought to understand non...

    Authors: Nobubelo Kwanele Ngandu, Debra Jackson, Carl Lombard, Duduzile Faith Nsibande, Thu-Ha Dinh, Vuyolwethu Magasana, Mary Mogashoa and Ameena Ebrahim Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):788

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  4. Content type: Research

    South Africa (SA) has expanded efforts to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) to less than 2% at six weeks after birth and to less than 5% at 18 months postpartum by 2016. Despite improved antire...

    Authors: Gillian M. Hunt, Johanna Ledwaba, Anna Salimo, Monalisa Kalimashe, Thu-Ha Dinh, Debra Jackson, Gayle Sherman, Adrian Puren, Nobubelo K. Ngandu, Carl Lombard, Lynn Morris and Ameena Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):787

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  5. Content type: Research

    Although the use of technology viz. mobile phones, personalised digital assistants, smartphones, notebook and tablets to monitor health and health care (mHealth) is mushrooming, only small, localised studies h...

    Authors: Yages Singh, Debra Jackson, Sanjana Bhardwaj, Natasha Titus and Ameena Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):786

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  6. Content type: Research

    In June 2015, South Africa introduced early infant HIV diagnosis (EID) at birth and ten weeks postpartum. Guidelines recommended return of birth results within a week and ten weeks postpartum results within fo...

    Authors: Nobubelo Kwanele Ngandu, Vincent Maduna, Gayle Sherman, Nobuntu Noveve, Witness Chirinda, Vundli Ramokolo, Carl Lombard and Ameena Ebrahim Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):785

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV is a global public health target. Robust, feasible methodologies to measure population level impact of programmes to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV ...

    Authors: Debra J. Jackson, Thu-Ha Dinh, Carl J. Lombard, Gayle G. Sherman and Ameena E. Goga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):784

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  8. Content type: Research

    The 2016 ‘Start Free, Stay Free, AIDS Free’ global agenda, builds on the 2011-2015 ‘Global Plan’. It prioritises 22 countries where 90% of the world’s HIV-positive pregnant women live and aims to eliminate ver...

    Authors: Ameena E. Goga, Thu-Ha Dinh, Shaffiq Essajee, Witness Chirinda, Anna Larsen, Mary Mogashoa, Debra Jackson, Mireille Cheyip, Nobubelo Ngandu, Surbhi Modi, Sanjana Bhardwaj, Esnat Chirwa, Yogan Pillay and Mary Mahy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19(Suppl 1):783

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  9. Content type: Research article

    With one in every 20 Pakistanis already infected, Pakistan has the second largest number of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections globally. The aim of this study was to present a quantitative and analytical chara...

    Authors: Sarwat Mahmud, Zaina Al Kanaani and Laith J. Abu-Raddad

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:809

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Cryptosporidium spp. are prevalent zoonotic parasites associated with a high burden among children. To date only limited molecular epidemiological data on E. bieneusi and Cryptosporidi...

    Authors: Rapeepun Prasertbun, Hirotake Mori, Yaowalark Sukthana, Supaluk Popruk, Teera Kusolsuk, Katsuro Hagiwara and Aongart Mahittikorn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:808

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  11. Content type: Research article

    HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a promising approach to expand HIV testing. HIVST is a process in which a person performs an HIV test and interprets the result. Negative HIVST results may encourage men who have se...

    Authors: Weiming Tang, Wenting Huang, Haidong Lu, Bolin Cao, Dan Wu, Jason Ong, Hongyun Fu, Ye Zhang, Bin Yang, Cheng Wang, Wei Ma, Chongyi Wei and Joseph D. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:807

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Non-typhoidal salmonellae (NTS) have been associated with invasive disease, notably meningitis, in immunocompromised individuals. Infections of this nature carry high rates of morbidity and mortality. Colistin...

    Authors: Roxanne Rule, Nontombi Mbelle, John Osei Sekyere, Marleen Kock, Anwar Hoosen and Mohamed Said

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:806

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Early Childhood Education Centre (ECEC) staff are strongly recommended to receive several immunizations including influenza and pertussis. However, evidence regarding the uptake is either old or lacking across...

    Authors: Holly Seale, Stephanie Dwyer, Alamgir Kabir and Rajneesh Kaur

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:805

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Globally, diarrhea is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among less than 5 years old children and it contributes to the deaths of approximately one million children every year. In Ethiopia, diarrhea ...

    Authors: Getachew Yismaw Workie, Temesgen Yihunie Akalu and Adhanom Gebreegziabher Baraki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:804

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Scabies, a parasitic disease of the skin, is a major public health problem, largely affecting children. Scabies is often complicated by impetigo which can result in serious complications including invasive inf...

    Authors: Millicent H. Osti, Oliver Sokana, Sophie Phelan, Michael Marks, Margot J. Whitfeld, Christina Gorae, John M. Kaldor, Andrew C. Steer and Daniel Engelman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:803

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a serious global health problem. Persistence of the virus occurs as a result of stability of the replication intermediate comprising covalently closed circular...

    Authors: Kristie Bloom, Haajira Kaldine, Toni Cathomen, Claudio Mussolino, Abdullah Ely and Patrick Arbuthnot

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:802

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In Nepal, cases of Cholera occur annually either as sporadic or as outbreaks claiming the lives of many in rural areas. The present study is a laboratory based surveillance which aims to analyze the changing e...

    Authors: Nisha Rijal, Jyoti Acharya, Shailaja Adhikari, Bishnu Psd Upadhaya, Geeta Shakya, Palpasa Kansakar and Piyush Rajbhandari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:801

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Larviciding is an effective supplementary tool for malaria vector control, but the identification and accessibility of aquatic habitats impedes application. Dissemination of the insect growth regulator, pyripr...

    Authors: Oscar Mbare, Steven W. Lindsay and Ulrike Fillinger

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:800

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The accuracy of different laboratory tests for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM) and prediabetes (preDM) in populations exposed to tuberculosis (TB) remains poorly understood. Here, we examined the prevalenc...

    Authors: Roger I. Calderon, Maria B. Arriaga, Kattya Lopez, Nadia N. Barreda, Oswaldo M. Sanabria, José F. Fróes Neto, Davi Neri Araújo, Leonid Lecca and Bruno B. Andrade

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:799

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The global burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is high and there have been reports of increasing chlamydial and gonorrheal infections. High-volume screening programs for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) an...

    Authors: André Frontzek, Gudrun Aretzweiler, Daniela Winkens, Dana Duncan and Elizabeth M. Marlowe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:797

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  21. Content type: Case report

    The number of new rickettsial species are rapidly increasing, and increasing numbers of Rickettsia raoultii (R. raoultii) infection cases have been detected in humans. However, neurological abnormalities caused b...

    Authors: Zhihui Dong, Yicheng Yang, Qian Wang, Songsong Xie, Shanshan Zhao, Wenbo Tan, Wumei Yuan and Yuanzhi Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:796

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Bacteria of the Achromobacter genus, more particularly xylosoxidans species, are responsible for various healthcare associated infections (HAI) which are increasingly described since the last decade. Cystic fibro...

    Authors: Karine Marion-Sanchez, Karine Pailla, Claude Olive, Xavier Le Coutour and Christian Derancourt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:795

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Regimens that could treat both rifampin-resistant (RR) and rifampin-susceptible tuberculosis (TB) while shortening the treatment duration have reached late-stage clinical trials. Decisions about whether and ho...

    Authors: Emily A. Kendall, Shelly Malhotra, Sarah Cook-Scalise, Claudia M. Denkinger and David W. Dowdy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:794

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The HLA-B*57:01 allele is associated with a hypersensitivity reaction to abacavir. Due to the lack of knowledge of HLA-B*57:01 prevalence in Colombia, routine screening is not performed and is not recommended ...

    Authors: Ernesto Martínez Buitrago, José Millán Oñate, José Fernando García-Goez, Jorge Álvarez, William Lenis, Luz Marina Sañudo and Luisa Consuelo Rubiano

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:793

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus multilocularis (E. multilocularis), and considered as public health issue. Parasite-host immune interaction is pivotal during infection. ...

    Authors: Abuduaini Abulizi, Yingmei Shao, Tuerganaili Aji, Zhide Li, Chuanshan Zhang, Abudusalamu Aini, Hui Wang, Tuerhongjiang Tuxun, Liang Li, Ning Zhang, Renyong Lin and Hao Wen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:792

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Infections by Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus (SGSP) is often underestimated. Herein, the epidemiological features and resistant characteristics of SGSP in mainland China are characterized to enabl...

    Authors: Yi Li, Xingchun Chen, Zhijun Zhang, Lijun Wang, Junrui Wang, Ji Zeng, Junwen Yang and Binghuai Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:791

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Genetic variant is one of the causes of sepsis patients’ mortality. Now, many studies have identified several SNPs related to sepsis. However, none of these studies were identified in a genome-wide way. We aim...

    Authors: Huijuan Wang, Zhaohui Tong, Jia Li, Kun Xiao, Feifei Ren and Lixin Xie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:781

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Sepsis is still a common critical disease with high morbidity and mortality in intensive care unit. Despite published guidelines for sepsis, development of antibiotic therapy and advanced organ support technol...

    Authors: Zhigang Zhou, Tienan Feng, Yun Xie, Peijie Huang, Hui Xie, Rui Tian, Biyun Qian and Ruilan Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:780

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the prevalence and factors associated with the prevalence of multidrug/rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis among suspected drug resistant tuberculosis patients in Botswana.

    Authors: Blackson Pitolo Tembo and Ntambwe Gustav Malangu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:779

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  30. Content type: Research article

    A diagnostic method to simultaneously detect and discriminate porcine circovirus type 1 (PCV1), porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) in clinical specimens is imperative for the...

    Authors: Keli Yang, Zuwu Jiao, Danna Zhou, Rui Guo, Zhengying Duan and Yongxiang Tian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:778

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Splenic abscess usually arises from hematogenous spread. Causative pathogens are various and anaerobic pathogens are rarely reported.

    Authors: Jeremy Meyer, Arnaud Dupuis, Benedikt D. Huttner, Matthieu Tihy and Léo Bühler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:777

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Due to the similarity of Strongyloides stercoralis with free-living nematodes of Rhabditis species they might be miss-diagnosed with each other in microscopical examination of stool samples. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Mandana Fadaei Tehrani, Meysam Sharifdini, Farzaneh Zahabiun, Robabeh Latifi and Eshrat Beigom Kia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:776

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  33. Content type: Research article

    South Africa has the highest HIV prevalence and supports the largest antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme globally. With the introduction of a test and treat policy, ensuring long term optimal adherence to A...

    Authors: Atika Moosa, Tanuja N. Gengiah, Lara Lewis and Kogieleum Naidoo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:775

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  34. Content type: Research article

    HCV (Hepatitis C virus) is a prevalent chronic disease with potentially deadly consequences, especially for drug users. However, there are no special HCV or HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)-related intervent...

    Authors: Jing Ying Zhang, Zhi Bin Li, Lei Zhang, Jun Wang, Le Ping Huang, Gui Lai Zhan, Zhu Li, Jiang Du and Min Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:774

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The etiology of acute liver failure (ALF) is often unknown and reported to be associated with herpesviruses in a number of cases. In this study, we examined for betaherpesviruses infections in patients with AL...

    Authors: Jéssica Vasques Raposo, Arthur Daniel Rocha Alves, Alexandre dos Santos da Silva, Damião Carlos dos Santos, Juliana Gil Melgaço, Otacílio C. Moreira, Marcelo Alves Pinto and Vanessa Salete de Paula

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:773

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) represent an important global threat. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical course and outcomes of patients with CRE infections treated with ceftazidime-a...

    Authors: Basem M. Alraddadi, Mohammed Saeedi, Mohammed Qutub, Abeer Alshukairi, Ashraf Hassanien and Ghassan Wali

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:772

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Although worldwide measles elimination achieved great progress for decades, outbreaks were still reported in certain countries. This study describes the epidemiologic features of a substantial measles outbreak...

    Authors: Zhen Li, Zheng Zhang, Fang Wang, Rui Wei, Jianhong Zhao and Fang Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:771

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  38. Content type: Research article

    We sought to assess reporting in China’s Pneumonia of Unknown Etiology (PUE) passive surveillance system for emerging respiratory infections and to identify ways to improve the PUE surveillance system’s detect...

    Authors: Nijuan Xiang, Ying Song, Yu Wang, Jiabing Wu, Alexander J. Millman, Carolyn M. Greene, Zhentao Ding, Jie Sun, Wei Yang, Guoxia Guo, Ruirui Wang, Ping Guo, Zhixing Ren, Lei Gong, Pengpeng Xu, Suizan Zhou…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:770

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Health-workers in developing countries rely on clinical algorithms, such as the Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI), for the management of patients, including diagnosis of serious bacterial inf...

    Authors: Kristina Keitel, Mary Kilowoko, Esther Kyungu, Blaise Genton and Valérie D’Acremont

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:769

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial ophthalmic infections are common. Empirical treatment with topical broad-spectrum antibiotics is recommended for severe cases. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) to agents used for bacterial ophthalmic i...

    Authors: Alice E. Lee, Kanchana Niruttan, Timothy M. Rawson and Luke S. P. Moore

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:768

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is among the world’s top public health challenges and the leading killer of people with HIV, yet is a treatable disease. This study aimed to assess, in a real-world setting, the implementatio...

    Authors: Ley Muyaya Muyaya, Esperance Manwana Musanda and Jacques Lukenze Tamuzi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:767

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Intestinal infectious diseases (IIDs) have caused numerous deaths worldwide, particularly among children. In China, eight IIDs are listed as notifiable infectious diseases, including cholera, poliomyelitis, dy...

    Authors: Ying Mao, Ning Zhang, Bin Zhu, Jinlin Liu and Rongxin He

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:766

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is an emerging zoonotic infectious disease caused by hantaviruses which circulate worldwide. So far, it was still considered as one of serious public health problem...

    Authors: Shiyou Liu, Yamei Wei, Xu Han, Yanan Cai, Zhanying Han, Yanbo Zhang, Yonggang Xu, Shunxiang Qi and Qi Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:765

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Environmental bacteria, nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), are recognized as one of the major human infection pathogens. NTM are prone to be mistaken as multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis and challeng...

    Authors: Chunmei Hu, Lili Huang, Min Cai, Weixiao Wang, Xudong Shi and Wei Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:764

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Actinomycetes can rarely cause intracranial infection and may cause a variety of complications. We describe a fatal case of intracranial and intra-orbital actinomycosis of odontogenic origin with a unique present...

    Authors: G. J. Hötte, M. J. Koudstaal, R. M. Verdijk, M. J. Titulaer, J. F. H. M. Claes, E. M. Strabbing, A. van der Lugt and D. Paridaens

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:763

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Avian influenza A (H5N6) virus poses a great threat to the human health since it is capable to cross the species barrier and infect humans. Although human infections are believed to largely originate from poul...

    Authors: Ping Chen, Jian-Feng Xie, Qi Lin, Lin Zhao, Yan-Hua Zhang, Hong-Bin Chen, Yu-Wei Weng, Zheng Huang and Kui-Cheng Zheng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:762

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Aspiration pneumonia is a serious problem among elderly patients; it is caused by many risk factors including dysphagia, poor oral hygiene, malnutrition, and sedative medications. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Tomotaka Nishizawa, Yuichi Niikura, Keiichi Akasaka, Masato Watanabe, Daisuke Kurai, Masako Amano, Haruyuki Ishii, Hidekazu Matsushima, Naomi Yamashita and Hajime Takizawa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:761

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Surveillance of current changes in the epidemiology of Invasive Fungal Diseases (IFDs) as an important component of the antifungal stewardship programs (ASP), requires careful regular monitoring, especially in hi...

    Authors: Seyedeh Sedigheh Hamzavi, Ali Amanati, Parisa Badiee, Mohammad Rahim Kadivar, Hadis Jafarian, Fatemeh Ghasemi, Sezaneh Haghpanah, Mansooreh Dehghani and Abbas Norouzian Baghani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:759

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